Crispy Zucchini and Spinach Indian Fritters/pakoras

Today’s harvest from my backyard veggie-patch was quite an assortment of vegetables – I got some zucchini, some baby spinach, tomatoes and some yellow squash. None of the individual vegetables was enough to make a whole dish for the family and so I had to resort to combining a few of them. Then again, given the pickiness/preferences of everyone in the family, it’s sometimes hard to please everyone but the one thing that everyone in the family loves are crispy Indian style fritters or Pakoras as they are called in Hindi. Veggie Pakoras are also very popular as appetizers in Indian restaurants in the US. There was a time when my son would not eat these but once he went to college, he began to crave Indian dishes and sometimes has even been known to frequent an Indian restaurant close to his college where he orders these fritters on a regular basis. I have even served these fritters to his friends who ate Indian food for the first time at our place (so they aren’t quite used to the flavors and spices) and quite universally, they all love these fritters.
There is a huge variety in the kind of fritters you may find across India but the one thing that everyone agrees is that they best kinds are the ones that are crispy. Although all of them use Gram Flour (Besan) as the base for the batter, each region has some trick to getting them crispy (eg in the south they add rice flour to the batter) but I have found that adding a bit of corn starch to the batter makes the fritters very crispy and you can’t detect the taste of corn starch in the fritters. Today I added grated zucchini and spinach to my batter. There are a few ingredients in the recipe that non-Indian readers may not be very familiar with (Besan, dried Fenugreek leaves and Amchoor powder) but believe me, every large or medium sized city in the US has at least one South Asian store and you can find all these ingredients over there quite easily. It will definitely be worth the effort – I promise you that!


1. One medium onion
2. 1 small or ½ large zucchini
3. 3-4 ounces of baby spinach leaves
4. ¾ cup of Besan powder
5. Salt to taste
6. 2 teaspoons of cumin seeds
7. 1.5 tablespoons of freshly ground coriander powder
8. A pinch of red pepper flakes
9. 2 teaspoons of Amchoor powder (this is dehydrated green Mango powder available at all South Asian stores)
10. 1.5 tablespoons of Kasuri Methi (dried Fenugreek leaves – also available at South Asian stores)
11. 3 teaspoons of corn starch
12. 1/3 to 1/2 cup of cold water
13. 3 cups of oil for deep frying

Cooking Directions:


1. Peel and finely dice the onion and place it in a large mixing bowl.

2. In the same mixing bowl, add the cumin seeds, red pepper, salt, coriander powder, Amchoor and dried Fenugreek leaves.
3. In a medium sized cooking pot, add the cooking oil and start heating it on medium heat to fry the fritters. Don’t let the oil get too hot (it should be hot but not smoking).

4. Grate the zucchini into the large mixing bowl.

5. Coarsely chop the spinach leaves and also add to the mixing bowl.

6. Add the corn starch and mix everything together.

7. Now add the Besan (Gram flour) and mix everything together.

8. Add a little bit of cold water at a time to make a batter. The batter should not be too thick or too runny – a paste like consistency would be good.
9. Add a tablespoon of batter to the hot oil at a time and make dumplings/fritters.

10. Fry only about 7-8 fritters at a time – overcrowding will cool the oil down too much and also the fritters will start to get stuck together.
11. Fry the fritters in batches. Place the fried fritters over dry paper towels to absorb any excess oil. If you fry them in hot oil on high heat, they will not absorb a lot of oil and also they’ll come out crispy.

12. Serve will they are still hot with a mint or Tamarind Chutney. They are great as appetizers or a snack with a hot cup of chai/tea.


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  1. Permalink Submitted by Simply Gourmet on Fri, 25/07/2014 - 12:25

    These look amazing! I love your recipes and we have some zucchini almost ready in our garden. I just need to find some of the required ingredients where I live.

    • Permalink Submitted by Shabnam on Fri, 25/07/2014 - 13:30

      Hey Sherron!!!! Welcome to my site 🙂 Yes, I think these fritters might work for family (I know you are gluten-free) and Gram Flour is a great way of eating gluten-free. Let me know how you like these, if you try them – I would really appreciate any feedback you may have. I looked up on line and found several Indian-South-Asian stores near Annapolis. Here is a a list – I hope this helps 🙂

      1. Apna Bazaar
      10119 Washington Blvd N # Laurel, MD 20723
      (301) 498-1233

      2.Bombay Internation Food Market
      7525 Landover Rd Hyattsville, MD 20785
      (301) 583-7878

      2.Bangla Bazaar
      11468 Cherry Hill Rd Beltsville, MD 20705
      (301) 931-8377

  2. Permalink Submitted by Lisa@Lisa's Dinnertime Dish on Fri, 25/07/2014 - 13:02

    These look so good, Shabnam! I’m not familiar with some of the spices, but I love Indian food and I imagine that these would taste amazing! Pinning and stumbling!

    • Permalink Submitted by Shabnam on Fri, 25/07/2014 - 13:34

      Hi Lisa – thanks so much for sharing the recipe and pinning it for me 🙂 I usually don’t put a lot of Indian recipes on the blog because people in the US aren’t familiar with the ingredients but then several people who like Indian restaurants have sent in requests for the recipes so now I have started adding them to the blog. If you tell me where you live, I will be able to find you the South-Asian grocery stores near you – all of them carry these ingredients (and I have shown a picture of the packets so you’ll know when you see the right one). If I am not mistaken you are in Minnesota – my sister used to live in Minneapolis till about a year ago and I know there are lots of Indian grocery stores in the area. I will ask her and let you know the names. These fritters are really good and if you like the taste, you can experiment with other veggies too – I make them with Okra, eggplant. cauliflower etc… whatever I can get my hands on 🙂

      • Permalink Submitted by Lisa@Lisa's Dinnertime Dish on Fri, 25/07/2014 - 14:49

        Yes, I do live in Minnesota in the Minneapolis area (I’m in Maple Grove). That would be great to know where a South-Asian grocery store is in my area! Thanks!

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